Jerusalem is also known as Yerushalayim, Jebus, Salem, Aelia Capitolina, and el-Quds. [toc] Location     31° 46′ 39″ N, 35° 13′ 56″ E 2,469′ Elevation Geography Jerusalem sits on two hills—the Western Hill and the Eastern Hill. The Temple Mount sits on the Eastern Hill, and the remainder of the Old City sits on… read more »

Tel Lachish

Lachish is a key guard city for guarding the route into the Hebron hills from the Mediterranean coast. It has a strong association with both the Assyrian and Babylonian captivities. Lachish is located toward the southwestern end of the Lachish Valley (Nahal Lachish or Wadi Ghafr). [toc] Location     31° 33′ 48″ N, 34°… read more »

Tel Gezer

Gezer was an important strategic city that defended the approaches to Jerusalem from the west via the Shephelah. Gezer is located in the south-central Aijalon Valley (Ayalon Valley). [toc] Location     31° 51′ 32″ N, 34° 55′ 06″ E 646′ Elevation Archaeology Gezer is located at Tell Jezer (Tell el-Jazari). The tell is 33… read more »


Caesarea was a port city built by Herod the Great in 22-9 BCE. It was named after Caesar Augustus. The port, Sebastos, was also named after Augustus. [toc] Location     32° 29′ 47″ N, 34° 53′ 30″ E 25′ Elevation Archaeology Straton’s Tower was a Phoenician port town that predated Caesarea, and Caesarea was… read more »

Tel Beit Shemesh

Beth-Shemesh was a Levitical city to which the Ark returned after being captured by the Philistines. Beth-Shemesh is located on the southeastern edge of the Sorek Valley. The modern city of Beth-Shemesh is nearby, and that is 20km west of Jerusalem. [toc] Location     31° 45′ 1″ N, 34° 58′ 32″ E 768′ Elevation… read more »

Timna’ Park

Timna’ is an important Old Testament times site for its copper mining operations. It is the current location of the Tabernacle model. It is not really a tell as other sites, but it is a large area encompassing many archaeologically significant sites. The Timna‘ Valley (Wadi Mene’iyeh) runs alongside Nahal Arabah about 30km north of… read more »

Tel Beersheva

Beersheva is intimately related with Dan in the Scriptures. It is one of the southernmost cities in Israel. In Biblical times, this was essentially the southern end of the kingdom. In modern times the country officially extends further southward to the Gulf of Eilat (or Aqaba). The modern city lies 3 miles west of the… read more »

Tel Arad

Arad was a major city on the important copper trade route. Because of its strategic location, many citadels or fortresses were built at this site later to guard the trade routes. Arad is located in the Negev east of Beersheva and relatively close to Masada and the Dead Sea. The hill on which it sits… read more »

Western Wall (The Kotel)

The Western Wall is also known as the Kotel or the Wailing Wall. It is the most important site in Judaism today. It is essentially all that remains of Judaism’s Second Temple. [toc] Location The Western Wall plaza is located in the Jewish Quarter, immediately adjacent to the Temple Mount. 31° 46′ 36″ N, 35°… read more »

Temple Mount (Haram ash-Sharif)

The Temple Mount—also called al-Haram ash-Sharif (“The Noble Sanctuary“) or Mount Moriah—is arguably the most famous area in Jerusalem—perhaps even in all of Israel. Its primary history dates back to the time of King David in the Iron Age, though its importance to Judaism began in the time of Abraham in the Middle Bronze Age…. read more »